Educational Material

Ten warning signs of a potentially unsafe group/leader

by  Rick Ross, Expert Consultant and Intervention Specialist

  • Absolute authoritarianism without meaningful accountability
  • No tolerance for questions or critical inquiry. 
  • No meaningful financial disclosure regarding budget, expenses such as an independently audited financial statement.
  • Unreasonable fear about the outside world, such as impending catastrophe, evil conspiracies and persecutions. 
  • There is no legitimate reason to leave, former followers are always wrong in leaving, negative or even evil. 
  • Former members often relate the same stories of abuse and reflect a similar pattern of grievances.
  • There are records, books, news articles, or television programs that document the abuses of the group/leader. 
  • Followers feel they can never be “good enough.”
  • The group/leader is always right. 
  • The group/leader is the exclusive means of knowing “truth” or receiving validation, no other process of discovery is really acceptable or credible. 

Symptoms of Cocaine use

With infrequent or low dose use a person may experience:

  • Euphoria
  • Lowered anxiety
  • Talkativeness
  • Decreased appetite
  • Increased alertness
  • Decreased fatigue

Physiologically there can be:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure

With increased dose or prolonged abuse (either binge or chronic) an individual may experience a set of secondary effects that can include:

  • Increased anxiety
  • Irritability 
  • Aggressiveness
  • Paranoia
  • Hyper-sexuality

Physiological effects can include:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Dry mouth
  • Hiccups
  • Increased body temperature
  • Tachycardia

In overdose situations, a person may experience:

  • Hallucinations
  • Coma
  • Death

Crash symptoms typically follow binge abuse of cocaine. This phase is marked by:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Depression 
  • Mental exhaustion
  • Prolonged periods of sleep


Symptoms of GHB use

The short-term side effects may include:

  • Euphoria
  • Hallucinations
  • Confusion
  • Exhaustion
  • Clumsiness
  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness 
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Lower body temperature
  • Sluggishness

GHB is dangerous enough on its own but can quickly become fatal if mixed with other depressants, including alcohol, benzodiazepines, opioids, and barbiturates. 

Withdrawal symptoms maybe:

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Shaking
  • Sweating
  • Increased heart rate
  • Psychotic thoughts


US Drug Test Centers

Disclaimer: This website is for information purposes only. If you or anyone you know is showing symptoms of drug abuse, please seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.